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2016年10月14日 以色列Ben-Gurion大学周志凡博士学术报告

发布时间:2016-10-12          来源:办公室           浏览次数:

报告人

周志凡

单位

Ben-Gurion University

of the NegevIsrael

报告时间

101415:00

报告地点

三楼会议室

报告题目

Coherent  Stern-Gerlach matter-wave interferometer and a self-interfering clock as a  “which path” witness

报告内容

摘要

In the  Stern-Gerlach effect, a magnetic field gradient splits particles into  spatially separated paths according to their spin projection.  This effect is exploited to creat coherent  spatial superpositions for matter-wave interferometry involving two atomic  spin states [1], which are readily used to comprise an atom clock. In  Einstein's general theory of relativity, time depends locally on gravity; in  standard quantum theory, time is global—all clocks “tick” uniformly. We  demonstrate a new tool for investigating time in the overlap of these two  theories: a self-interfering clock [2]. We prepare the clock in a spatial  superposition of quantum wave packets, which evolve coherently along two  paths into a stable interference pattern. If we make the clock wave packets  “tick” at different rates, to simulate a gravitational time lag, the clock  time along each path yields “which path” information, degrading the pattern's  visibility. By contrast, in standard interferometry, time cannot yield “which  path” information. This proof-of-principle experiment may have implications  for the study of time and general relativity and their impact on fundamental  effects such as decoherence.

报告人

简介

Dr. Zhou is  currently a PBC postdoctoral fellow in the atom chip lab at the Ben-Gurion  University of the Negev (BGU), led by Prof. Ron Folman. Prior to joining BGU,  he has conducted research in East China Normal University (China), where he  received his PhD, National Institute of Standard and Technology (NIST, U.S)  and Technical University of Darmstadt (Germany). Zhou’s research direction is  quantum optics and atomic physics. His current interest includes atom chips,  Bose-Einstein condensation, matter-wave interferometry, quantum entanglement,  quantum metrology and fundamental physics in general.

参加人员

AMO组全体师生

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