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Operating an atom-interferometry-based gravity gradiometer by the dual-fringe-locking method

发布时间:2014-08-28          来源:胡忠坤           浏览次数:
Operating an atom-interferometry-based gravity gradiometer by the dual-fringe-locking method
Xiao-Chun Duan, Min-Kang Zhou, De-Kai Mao, Hui-Bing Yao, Xiao-Bing Deng, Jun Luo, and Zhong-Kun Hu
Phys. Rev. A 90, 023617 – Published 11 August 2014

We report a gravity gradiometer composed of two atom interferometers which are simultaneously locked to the respective fringe center by feedback control of the Raman laser phase and magnetic field gradient. Compared with the conventional full-fringe recording method, this dual-fringe-locking strategy is capable of increasing the sampling rate and improving the sensitivity for gravity gradient measurements. Meanwhile, it retains the intrinsic advantage of rejecting common mode noises for gravity gradiometers. A short-term sensitivity of 670 E/Hz1/2 with a 0.25 Hz sampling rate is achieved in our gravity gradiometer. This approach may also find possible applications in other atom-interferometry-based experiments utilizing dual atomic clouds.

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