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2017 Time delay and the effect of the finite speed of light in atom gravimeters

发布时间:2017-11-07          来源:           浏览次数:

Yu-Jie Tan, Cheng-Gang Shao,* and Zhong-Kun Hu
MOE Key Laboratory of Fundamental Physical Quantities Measurement, Hubei Key Laboratory of Gravitation and Quantum Physics,
School of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, People’s Republic of China
(Received 21 May 2017; published 2 August 2017)

The propagation time delay due to the finite speed of light (FSL) in atom gravimeters introduces a bias in the gravity measurement, as well as that in classical free-falling corner-cube gravimeters, which is usually termed the FSL effect. For a typical atom gravimeter, the FSL time delay is about several nanoseconds, resulting in the FSL effect, a non-negligible bias in the gravity-acceleration measurement. However, a time delay of about several microseconds, achieved by controlling the Raman-pulse timing directly, contributes a negligible effect. This interesting phenomenon motivates us to make clear two questions: first, what are the origins of the FSL effect in atom gravimeters, and second, what is the difference between the two time delays? Our analysis shows that the FSL effect in atom gravimeters is not just a matter of FSL time delay to a great extent but also the change in the effective wave vector; moreover, the FSL time delay can be quantitatively regarded as the same as the pulse time delay since both actually affect the gravity measurement by changing the two interferometer pulse separations.

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.96.023604

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